The military marine vessel engines market is anticipated to register a CAGR of over 4% during the forecast period.
- Increasing territorial conflicts amongst nations with a coastal border requires the deployment of a naval fleet to safeguard their interests and sovereignty. This has necessitated the procurement of new naval vessels and upgrade of the existing fleet to ensure service readiness of the fleet to neutralize any hostile craft violating the country’s marine borders. New procurement creates a parallel demand for military marine vessel engines, thereby driving the market in focus.
- As a result of the rigorous R&D efforts divested to enhance the operational parameters of a marine vessel, significant developments in the fields of advanced electronic propulsion systems and hybrid turbochargers have come into fruition. The advancement in such technologies is anticipated to minimize the design and operational cost of the vessels featuring such propulsive technologies as they reach the maturity stage and are widely adopted by the global naval forces.
Key Market Trends
Gas Turbine Propulsion Systems Dominate the Market
The gas turbine propulsion systems experience the highest share due to their optimized fuel economy, higher efficiency, reduction in emission, and also as it decreases the fuel consumption in naval vessels. Major changes in gas turbine design, particularly in the design and complexity of engine control systems, have led to the need for systems-oriented treatment of gas turbine propulsion. Several alternate technologies, such as the Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) and hydrogen-based propulsion systems are being rapidly adopted by naval engine manufacturers. While LNG-powered engines are more fuel-efficient, their market share growth is hindered by a lack of bunkering infrastructure for LNG ships. New sophisticated gas turbine propulsion systems are being designed for next-generation naval vessels that are due to be inducted in the future. On this note, in March 2020, Rolls-Royce Holding plc supplied innovative gas turbine engine propulsion systems for the two new multi-purpose vessels being deployed in the North and Baltic seas. The two ships are powered by gas-electric propulsion systems based on four medium-speed Bergen B36:45L6AG units from Rolls-Royce, each delivering 3,600 kW of power, even in difficult operational conditions, such as ambient air contamination by explosive gases.
Asia-Pacific Region has the Largest Market Share
The Asia-Pacific region is expected to dominate the Military Marine Vessel Engines Market during the forecast period. Emerging markets such as China, South Korea, India, and Japan are continuously increasing their defense budgets to strengthen their national security. The arms race in the region is evident through the lavish defense budget spending of regional superpowers such as China and India. China envisions to become the second-largest navy in the world by 2030. Also, since 2000, China's annual defense budget has increased eightfold and the country has been focusing on indigenous development of amphibious landing craft to reduce its dependence on imported vessels. By the mid-2020s, China aims to induct the Type 093B SHANG-class guided-missile nuclear attack submarine to strengthen its current nuclear submarine fleet. The availability of low-cost skilled and unskilled labor and required shipbuilding infrastructure has encouraged the global marine vessel engine manufacturers to set up production units in the region to satiate the demand for new engines that are driven by the procurement plans initiated by the regional naval forces. For instance, in March 2020, General Electric (GE) announced that its 4.6 MW GE LM 500 marine gas turbines will power four new CHAMSURI Class ships for the Republic of Korea Navy, scheduled for delivery by the end of 2020. Also, in February 2019, GE was awarded a contract to supply LM 2500 gas turbine auxiliary equipment for the Indian Navy’s P17A Frigates. Such inductions are envisioned to drive the market prospects in the region during the forecast period.
The prominent players in the Military Marine Vessel Engines Market are Rolls-Royce Holdings plc, General Electric Company, STX Engine Co. Ltd., STEYR MOTORS Betriebs GmbH, and Cummins Inc. Acquisitions of local players and companies in the supply chain may help the players to further strengthen their presence in the market. Moreover, for new players, the investment costs are expected to be high, as the size and complexity of the propellers for naval ships are far higher, compared to those for smaller boats. Investments in R&D also tend to generate high demand for the market. For instance, GE’s LM 2500 engines are so designed to effectively operate in both littoral and deep-sea situations. Hence, in March 2019, the US Navy selected the LM 2500 engines to power two newly commissioned combat ships. Also, in November 2018, Rolls-Royce Holdings plc had won a significant contract to deliver the propulsion system to nine Roll-on-Roll-off (Ro-Ro) vessels to be built by the Nanjing Jinling Shipyard Co. in China for the Italian Grimaldi Group. The nine 238-meter long vessels are designed to transport over 7,800 linear meters of rolling units, equivalent to the capacity of about 500 trailers. The ships would be hybrid-powered by effectively combining the use of traditional fossil fuels during full-power operation and battery power when it is operated near the port.
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