The Indonesian fertilizer market is expected to register a CAGR of 4.5% during the forecast period (2021-2026). In 2020, the outbreak of COVID-19 had the most critical impact on the fertilizer industry. Production went down by 20.0-30.0%, prices got increased due to supply constraints. The industry also suffered from severe labor shortages due to repeated lockdowns that affected the production, export, and import business. A large part of the industry was shut down from the end of January 2020, limiting both demand and supply of all relevant inputs as transport and storage constraints presented mounting challenges across the sector. The nitrogenous segment is considered to be the largest segment of the market studied and accounts for a major share among other segments. The Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia (MOA) regulates and monitors standards that affect farmer productivity, such as possessing and using fake fertilizer, bad seed, and dangerous pesticides off the market, in order to eliminate the root cause of decreased land productivity. The higher demand for food has led to the need for increased land productivity, which drives the demand for agrochemicals in the country. According to the National Statistic Bureau, the export of commodities including agricultural commodities grew by 19.2% in 2017 from the previous year. Indonesia is the world’s third-largest exporter of rubber and cocoa. An increase in export-oriented cultivation of plantation crops led to an increased demand for fertilizers in the commercial crops segment.
Key Market Trends
Increased Arable Land
Indonesia's fertilizer market is observed to have positive growth for an increase in arable land in the country. According to FAO, the arable land in Indonesia has been increasing over the years. In 2016, the total arable land in the country accounted for 47.6 million hectares, which increased to 57.0 million hectares in 2019. The positive correlation between arable land and fertilizer consumption makes the Indonesian fertilizer market fluctuate according to arable land. Hence, the increase in arable land drives the growth of the fertilizer market. Moreover, the rising export demand for chemical fertilizers is likely to accelerate the growth of the fertilizer market in the future. The total consumption of urea in the agriculture and industrial sectors is less than the total production. Thus, the surplus urea is being exported to other Asian countries. For instance, in the year 2018, PT Pupuk Indonesia recorded the total exports of 1,081,425 metric ton of fertilizer, comprising 616,294 metric ton of urea, 371,841 metric ton of ammonia, and 93,290 metric ton of NPK, accounting for nearly USD 306.2 million.
Urea Dominates the Indonesia Fertilizer Market
Urea is one of the most dominant fertilizers produced and utilized in Indonesia making it self-sufficient to sustain its domestic demand. Indonesia exports the surplus urea to other countries like Malaysia, Germany, and Japan. The Indonesian government provides subsidies for both the suppliers and the farmers, to ensure the affordability of the fertilizers in the market. The bulk of Urea is used by rice growers and captures most of the subsidies being provided by the government. The Bengkulu and Lampung provinces accounted for USD 124.4 million in 2017, which accounted for 36.0% of the total urea fertilizers consumed. North Sumatra was the second-largest market for urea fertilizers accounted for 24.0% in Sumatra province. The companies are expanding their production capacities to meet the growing demand in the country. For instance, in 2017, Pt Pupuk Sriwidjaja Palembang started to operate its new PUSRIIIB plant, with more modern and efficient capability, compared to its other three plants: PUSRI IB, PUSRI III, and PUSRIIV. The growing demand for urea by farmers in Indonesia is likely to affect the country’s export of urea during the forecast period.
The Indonesian fertilizer market is a consolidated market, with few big players, resulting in stiff competition in the market. There are six fertilizer-producing companies in the country, five of which are state-owned, and one is a joint venture with governments of other Asian countries. The total production capacity of these Indonesian manufacturers accounted for more than 16.5 million metric ton in 2018.
Reasons to Purchase this report:
- The market estimate (ME) sheet in Excel format
- 3 months of analyst support