Agriculture production of Oman constitutes mainly dates, vegetables and fruits and other crops in a minor quantity. According to FAO, The total amount of agricultural land present in Oman is about 1.4 million hectares in 201, which is 1.46% of the total land area. Oman has planted dates in 25,125 hectares of land and 61986 hectares for all other crops that include cereals, oilseeds, vegetables, and fruits. Fruits like banana and papaya are also grown in coastal regions which accounted for 23,837 tons of production in 2018. Oman has increased its barley, sorghum and wheat production in recent years but does not produce millet, maize at all. Limited arable land and water scarcity are the prime constraints of agriculture in Oman.
Key Market Trends
Increase in Date Palm Cultivation
Date palm is the major crop grown in Oman among all the crops. According to FAO, the country produced 368000 metric tonnes of dates in 2018 which is 7 tonnes more than the previous year. The area under date cultivation increased from 24,617 hectares in 2017 to 25,125 hectares in 2018. The main reason for such a significant increase in date cultivation is due to the global demand for Oman dates and the suitable climate for the cultivation of date palm. Tomatoes and other vegetables are other major crops cultivated in Oman.
UAE is the Major Supplier of Vegetables to Oman
Vegetable production in the UAE is very low due to climate constraints and majorly depends on imports to meet its consumption demand. The total vegetable production in Oman is recorded as 178000 in 2018. The major importing partners of the country are UAE, India, and Jordan with 42.05%, 17.3% and 12.2% of Oman's total vegetable imports, respectively. China, Iran, and Lebanon are some other minor suppliers of vegetables to Oman with a share of 6.9%, 4.5%, and 3.9%, respectively.
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