The global automotive on-board charger market is anticipated to register a CAGR of about 30% during the forecast period (2020 – 2025).
- The rapid sales of electric vehicles, stringent emission regulations, advancements in battery technology, and improving charging infrastructure are expected to fuel the demand of the automotive on-board chargers in the forecast period. The market is already witnessing the adaptation of electric passenger vehicles in the developed countries, and now the new startups and major players in the EV industry are planning to introduce their new electric models in the coming years.
- On-Board Charger is the important component in the electric vehicles, It allows the charging of the vehicle’s battery by converting AC voltage into DC. The main components include input filter, power factor corrector, DC/ DC Converter, and a control circuit that enables communication with other devices on the vehicle.
- EV battery range is increasing rapidly, now models are coming in the market with up to 600 miles range. Trucks and van's body sizes are bigger as compared to passenger cars; they can accommodate more batteries for longer range. Big electric motors can create enormous amounts of torque for towing and hauling capacities. For instance, Nikola's Badger pickup truck has a range of 600 miles, due to its fuel cell technology in addition to batteries.
- China is the leader in the EV race, it’s fleet of electric buses accounts for more than 98% of total electric buses running worldwide. China has a fleet of more than 425000 electric buses. This high adoption can be attributed to the strong municipal framework that many provinces in China have adopted. More than 30 Chinese cities have made plans to achieve 100% electrified public transit by 2020, including Guangzhou, Zhuhai, Dongguan, Foshan, and Zhongshan in the Pearl River Delta, along with Nanjing, Hangzhou, Shaanxi, and Shandong.
Key Market Trends
Passenger vehicles leading the on-board charger market
In 2019, the global electric passenger car fleet exceeded 7.2 million, in which around 47% of the world’s electric car fleet was in China. Global passenger cars have witnessed sluggish sales in 2019 but the electric cars are recording new sales records, with 2.6% share of electric cars in worldwide car sales with China at 4.9% and Europe at 3.5% achieved new records in electric vehicle share in 2019. Whereas the number of charging points worldwide reached around 7.3 million in 2019, in that 6.5 million chargers are privately owned. The increase in sales of passenger electric cars and an increase in the number of chargers will ultimately propel the growth of the automotive on-board charger market
Governments of many developed and developing countries have framed their plan for green mobility, in which they are banning the diesel vehicles and providing incentives to the EV buyer, For instance, the United Kingdom is planning to ban sales of all type of gasoline and diesel engine cars by 2040, India is planning to ban all type of diesel-engine cars in the roads by 2030. On the other hand, Norway is way ahead of the curve, it plans to make every new car a zero-emission car by 2025.
Asia-Pacific Is Expected to Lead the Automotive On-board Charger Market
Asia-Pacific is expected to lead the automotive on-board charger market as it is the hub of the electric vehicle industry owing to the availability of cheap raw materials, cheap manpower, presence of numerous numbers of industry players, large population, and government participation. For instance, The Chinese government has spent around USD 60 billion to support the electric-vehicle industry, including RandD funding, tax exemptions, and financing for battery-charging stations.
China is the largest market for electric cars and buses across the world and sold 872 thousand units of New Energy Vehicles (both passenger and commercial vehicles) for the first 9 months in 2019, exhibiting a growth rate of 20.8%. China has the biggest infrastructure for EV charging in the world with 976,000 charging units (June 2019).
Global electric car sales reached 2.1 million marks in 2018, compared to 2.0 million in 2018. Showing year-on-year growth in electric car sales of 6% between 2018 and 2019. China remained its top spot in the global electric car market with nearly 1.06 million electric cars sold in 2019.
The global automotive on-board charger market is fragmented, has several active players, owing to the presence of new startups and major automotive electronics manufacturers. Some of the major players in the market are BorgWarner Inc., Ficosa Corporation, and LG Electronics amongst others. Some of the electric vehicle OEMs manufacture onboard charger in-house such as BYD and Tesla. As the market is witnessing the entry of various new electric models the on-board charger companies are expanding their presence by forming strategic alliances with other players in the market and launching new automotive on-board chargers. For instance,
- In 2020, Innolectric announced that they will start the series production of the On-Board Charger, which is expected to be in the second quarter of 2020.
- In 2019, BorgWarner introduces its OnboardBattery Charger, this charger uses silicon carbide technology and have a range of AC power ratings of 7.4 kilowatts (kW), 11 kW and 22 kW whereas DC-to-DC converter rating from 2.3 kW to 3.6 kW.
- In 2017, Hyundai Mobis Co., Ltd became the first company in the first company in Korea, to develop bi-directional On-Board Charger, bi-directional OBCs control reactive power during discharge, which stabilizes the grid's power factor.
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