Africa biofertilizers market is projected to grow at a CAGR of 5.9% during the forecast period (2020-2025). In East African countries, including Kenya, Sudan, Uganda, and Tanzania, low demand due to lack of awareness and understanding of biofertilizers has resulted in the poor development of the biofertilizers sector. Despite the potential of biofertilizers, rapid market growth remains a challenge in eastern Africa, not only because of the high cost of production but also due to limited demand. South Africa and Egypt occupied a share of 57.78% owing to the presence of around 80% of the biofertilizer companies in the country. Rhizobium occupies a major share among all organisms by volume. This is because the major companies provide products which contains this bacteria and are among the fast selling products which helps the companies to maintain voluminous sales.
Key Market Trends
Increasing Food Demand and Need for Sustainable Agriculture Development
Africa has the highest population with the largest arable land. For instance, the Sub-Sahara Africa region has 13% of the world population and has approximately 20% of global agricultural land. However, the region is facing severe food insecurity which is primarily attributed to inadequate food production. The lack of access to mechanization in farming and limited use of fertilizers due to less farmer buying power is driving the demand for alternative cost-effective fertilizers such as bio-fertilizers in the region. According to Africa Fertilizer Organization, In 2018, the total consumption of fertilizers in regions such as Ghana, Kenya and Mali is reported to be 310,866 metric tons, 545,675 metric tons and 816,375 respectively while the imports were 315,157 metric ton, 626,418 metric ton and 705,746 metric ton respectively. In order to lessen the fertilizer imports, there is a need for the production of indigenous fertilizers such as bio-fertilizers that can substitute conventional fertilizer usage in the region.
South Africa Dominates the Market
The South African biofertilizers market was valued at USD 29.3 million and was accounted for 65% of revenue for the African biofertilizers market in 2017. Despite the ability of biofertilizers to sustainably increase the yields, along with significant economic benefit, they are not widely available to and also not adopted by smallholder farmers in South Africa. This further leads to the growing need for increased investments in localized research, the involvement of private and public sectors in the production of biofertilizers, establishment of effective regulations, and promotion of a favorable environment for the growth of the biofertilizers market in the country.
Africa biofertilizer market is highly fragmented, with top-five market players accounting for about 20% of the market, while other companies account for the remaining share. The global biofertilizer market being unregulated is the reason why there are many small companies in the market. Once proper regulations are put in place, it is highly likely that the market will be consolidated among a few companies.
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