The global die casting machinery market is expected to register a CAGR of around 4.5% over the forecast period. The market studied is largely driven by supply chain complexities in the die casting industry, expanding automotive market, increasing penetration of die casting parts in instrumentation industry, rising constructional sector, and use of aluminum casts in electrical and electronics. CAFÉ standards and EPA policies to cut down the emissions and increase the fuel efficiency are driving the automakers to reduce weight of the automobile, by employing lightweight non-ferrous metals. Subsequently, employing die-cast parts as a weight reduction strategy is expected to increase consumption from OEMs which would see new machines pressed into action to cater to the rising demands. Also, rules levied by OSHA and initiatives by NADCA to improve the technical workforce in the die casting industry are expected to improve the overall production, which would again see the need for more machines.
The market for aluminum die casting machines is expected to be the highest in terms of the raw material on which the machines operate. Automotive sector is poised to garner the highest share by industry and Asia Pacific, due to the sheer number of automobiles and growth in other sectors like electronics and construction is expected to occupy the largest share compared to other regions.
Key Market Trends
Shift in the Automotive Industry towards Electric Vehicles would see the demand for new Machines
The EV market is coming up as an integral part of the automotive industry and represents a pathway towards achieving energy efficiency along with reduced emission of pollutants and other greenhouse gasses. Increasing environmental concerns, need to attain a sustainable transportation model and favorable government initiatives are some of the major factors driving market growth. Sales of new electric cars globally breached the 1 million mark in 2017. This was an increase of about 54% compared to 2016. In 2018, the industry breached the 2 million sales mark. Sale of internal combustion engine (ICE) has peaked in some countries such as Norway, where electric vehicles are being purchased by customers at a higher rate compared to ICE ones.
In response to this changing trend, companies are preparing themselves to cater to the automotive industry. For instance, Mark Aluminium Die Casting has recently invested in a new 600-tonne die-casting machine to manufacture high pressure aluminum die-casted parts for water pumps and oil pumps that are specifically designed for the next generation green vehicles. EV and hybrid vehicles utilize batteries as part of the propulsion system and due to this, their architecture is completely different from the ICE ones. To offset the weight of large number of batteries and associated motors, most OEMs are utilizing an increased amount of aluminum in their vehicles compared to steel. This scenario is expected to increase the market sales of aluminum die casting machinery over the forecast period.
United States is expected to continue as a major market over the forecast period
In 2017, the United States had 1,935 metal casting facilities, out of which 977 were non-ferrous. The country is one of the largest producers of magnesium die castings, with a production output of 138,890 metric ton in 2017. It is also the second-largest producer of metal castings of aluminum in the world, with a production of 1.7 million metric ton, as of 2017. The country is also characterized by the presence of many die casting companies, such as Meridian, Pace Industries, Dynacast, etc. It also has one of the largest automotive markets, in the world and is home to over 13 major automobile manufacturers with an average of 11 million vehicles produced per year.
Major international players in die castings have started plans to expand their businesses in the United Stated. For instance, Bocar Group, a tier 1 automotive supplier, announced that it will invest USD 115 million for a new facility in Huntsville, Alabama, in order to manufacture automotive parts. Construction of the new facility began in spring 2018 and it is expected to start the production by 2020. Hence, with the abundance of die casting companies and raw material suppliers, the market for die casting machinery is expected to grow at a considerable rate over the forecast period. But there is quite a demand for used machinery as well in the country. Machines which are less than 10 years old are being preferred, whereas those which are more than 15 years old are looked as ones which need rebuilding to be operated for a few more years. This scenario is slightly expected to deter the market growth.
The market for die casting machinery is characterized by the presence of both established companies as well as well as local and regional players making it neither a consolidated nor a fragmented one. Most local and regional players have their presence in a limited geographical area, but major companies have an extended footprint which is expected to tilt the balance in their favor. Buhler AG, Toshiba Machine Co. Ltd., Italpresse Gauss, L.K. Technology Holdings Ltd., Ube Industries Ltd. and Toyo Machinery & Metal Co. Ltd., are some of the major players within the market.
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