Indonesia Fertilizer Market is expected to register a CAGR of 4.9% during the forecast period (2020-2025). In 2019, the Nitrogenous segment was the largest segment of the market studied and accounted for a major share among other segments. The Ministry of Agriculture of Indonesia (MOA) regulates and monitors standards that affect farmer productivity, such as possessing and using fake fertilizer, bad seed, and dangerous pesticides off the market, in order to eliminate the root cause of decreased land productivity. The higher demand for food has led to the need for increased land productivity, which drives the demand for agrochemicals in the country. According to the National Statistic Bureau, the export of commodities including agricultural commodities has grown 19.24% in 2017 from the previous year. Indonesia is the world’s third-largest exporter of rubber and cocoa. An increase in export-oriented cultivation of plantation crops has led to an increased demand for fertilizers in the commercial crops segment.
Key Market Trends
Increased Arable Land
Indonesia's fertilizer market is observed to have positive growth for various reasons. one of them is an increase in arable land in the country. According to FAO, the arable land in Indonesia has been increasing over the years. In 2016, the total arable land in the country was accounted for 47.6 million hectares which increased to 52.9 million hectares in 2018. The positive correlation between the arable land and fertilizer consumption makes the Indonesian fertilizer market fluctuate according to arable land. hence, the increase in arable land drives the fertilizer market ahead. This coupled with rising export demand of chemical fertilizers is likely to accelerate the fertilizer market in the coming future. The total consumption of urea for the agricultural and industrial sectors is less than the total production, and therefore the surplus urea is being exported to other Asian countries. For instance, in the year 2018, PT Pupuk Indonesia has recorded total exports of 1,081,425 tons of fertilizer, comprising 616,294 tons of urea, 371,841 tons of ammonia, and 93,290 tons of NPK, accounting for nearly USD 306.2 million.
Urea to Dominate the Market
The Indonesian urea fertilizer market valued at USD 1,489.8 million in 2017. Urea is among the most dominant fertilizers produced and used in Indonesia. This makes the country self-sufficient and therefore, export the surplus urea fertilizers to other countries such as Malaysia, Germany, and Japan. The Indonesian government is providing subsidies for both the supplier as well as the farmers’ level, to ensure the affordability of the fertilizers in the market. Urea represents the bulk of the fertilizers used by rice farmers and captures most of the subsidies being provided by the government. Bengkulu and Lampung provinces accounted for USD 124.4 million in 2017. which accounted for 35.9% of the total urea fertilizers consumed, whereas North Sumatra was the second-largest market for urea fertilizers in the same year, which accounted for 23.7% in Sumatra province. The companies are expanding their production capacities to meet the growing demand in the country. For instance, In 2017, Pt Pupuk Sriwidjaja Palembang started to operate its new PUSRI IIB plant, with more modern and efficient capability, compared to its other three plants: PUSRI IB, PUSRI III, and PUSRI IV. The growing demand for urea by farmers in Indonesia is likely to affect the country’s export of urea during the forecast period.
Indonesia Fertilizer Market is slighly consolidated, with various small and medium-sized companies and a few big players, resulting in stiff competition in the market. There are six fertilizer producing companies in the country, five of which are state-owned and one is a joint venture with governments of other Asian countries. The total production capacity of these Indonesian manufacturers accounted for more than 16.5 million metric tons in 2018.
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